Boko Haram is an Islamic extremist organization that operates in northeastern Nigeria, Niger, Chad, and northern Cameroon. Boko Haram regards Nigeria as a country run by non-believers, even despite the fact that the President of the state is a Muslim. So, the group is in the conflict with the Nigerian government, and this confrontation is the deadliest of all the battles the continent is currently experiencing. It has spread violence, assassinations, and abductions over the neighboring states as well.
Boko Haram has recently been named the deadliest terrorist organization in the world: according to the Institute for Economics and Peace think tank, the terrorists of the group were responsible for over 7,000 deaths last year.
From the beginning of the previous year, it has been clear that the group has turned from merely a national problem to a significant international challenge, said French Army Col. Cyril Mathias. He acknowledged that the situation in the region was horrible, and the Nigerian army, even with the assistance from the United States, France, and other countries, was not able to prevent Boko Haram’s spreading onto the southeastern regions, not to mention other African countries. And Minister of state of Niger’s presidency Mohamed Bazoum is one of those officials who realizes that. He says that the state does not have an army that is numerous or strong enough to protect the country’s citizens. But that is not the worst thing. The most disheartening thing is that the country does not have a long-term strategy on how to deal with the terrorist threat. Billions of dollars stand behind every military success in fighting terrorism riding the combating countries into serious debt. In fact, the majority of African countries do not fully control their territory.
Boko Haram is expected to be a substantial source of violence in 2016, perhaps bringing not as much harm as in the past two years. Actually, while Boko Haram has killed tens of thousand of Nigerians, the lack of running water has killed far more.